Cyrus Longworth Lundell

A native of Texas, Cyrus Longworth Lundell was born November 5, 1907. He attend both Columbia University and Southern Methodist University (B.A., 1932). He studied in the Graduate School of Business Administration of New York University, and obtained his M.A. (1934) and Ph.D. (1936) at the University of Michigan.

Dr. Lundell served as a Professor of Botany at Southern Methodist University from 1943-48, and founded the Southern Methodist University Herbarium while serving as Director for the Institute of Technology and Plant Industry at Southern Methodist University from 1943-46. In 1946 he became the Director for the SMU Herbarium and served until 1948. He then became the Executive Vice President, Director and Chief Research Scientist for the Texas Research Foundation.

Dr. Lundell loved Mayan culture and archeology about as much as he did botany. He discovered the ruins of 16 Mayan cities, including Calakmul and Polol between 1931-33. Lundell’s discovery of Calakmul in 1931 happened when he and his team were searching the dense forests in Campeche and they came upon certain signs of ancient habitation. After riding further, they found the pyramidal mounds. In a journal written by Lundell himself, he tells the reasoning behind the name they gave the city. Lundell explains, "Two great pyramids dominate the cite, and these suggested the name Calakmul. In Maya, ca means two, lak means adjacent, and mul means signifies any artificial mound or pyramid, so Calakmul is the City of the Two Adjacent Pyramids." Though the cite was discovered in 1931, it was not fully mapped or studied until another team came in 1982 and worked until the mid-1990's on the site itself. He also found some 450 Gutatemalan plants, among the parents of such crops as squash, pinto beans, chili peppers and cocoa. He also researched the parents of cultivated plants.

Dr. Lundell, in 1981, was nominated to receive Guatemala’s highest honor, the Order of Quetzal. The nomination was made by Guatemala’s leaders in government and science to commemorate his 50 years or research in botany, agriculture and Mayan archaeology. Lundell passed away on March 28, 1994 at the age of 86 and is buried at Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas, Texas.

Images

Younger Cyrus Lundell

Younger Cyrus Lundell

Pictured is Lundell, a renowned botanist and archaeologist. After discovering Calakmul, he continued his research into Mayan civilization while leading botanical expeditions to Guatemala, Mexico, and Belize for the Carnegie Institution and the University of Michigan View File Details Page

Older Cyrus Lundell

Older Cyrus Lundell

Not only was Lundell resposnibile for discovering Calakmul, he he discovered and named over 2,000 plant species, primarily from Texas. He also published over 200 articles! View File Details Page

Gravestone

Gravestone

Cyrus is buried at Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park in Dallas. View File Details Page

Drawing of Calakmul

Drawing of Calakmul

A drawing of Calakmul that never would have been created without Lundell's discovery. The drawing is not how Lundell would have found Calakmul. When he arrived, it would have been completely taken over by forestation and the structures would have more crumbled parts. View File Details Page

Herbarium

Herbarium

BRIT is a non-profit organization that houses the Southern Methodist University Herbarium that Lundell founded. View File Details Page

Cite this Page:

Chloe Henze, “Cyrus Longworth Lundell,” HistoricalMX, accessed November 24, 2017, http://historicalmx.org/items/show/74.
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